Improving your vision: astigmatism treatment and PKP eye surgery

Eye surgery

Astigmatism is a common eye condition that can cause blurry or distorted vision. Fortunately, various astigmatism treatment options are available, including PKP eye surgery. In this article, we’ll explore what astigmatism is, how it’s diagnosed, and the different treatment options available, focusing on PKP eye surgery as an effective treatment.

What is Astigmatism?

Astigmatism is a common vision condition that occurs when the cornea or lens of the eye is irregularly shaped. This causes light to focus unevenly on the retina, resulting in blurry or distorted vision. Astigmatism can occur on its own or in conjunction with nearsightedness or farsightedness.

Common symptoms of astigmatism include:

Blurry or distorted vision at all distances

Eye strain



Difficulty seeing at night

How is astigmatism diagnosed?

Your eye doctor can diagnose astigmatism during a comprehensive eye exam. They may perform a variety of tests, including:

Visual acuity test: Measures how well you can see at different distances

Refraction test: Determines your exact eyeglass prescription

Keratometry: Measures the curvature of the cornea

Corneal topography: Maps the surface of the cornea

Treating astigmatism

Several treatment options are available for astigmatism, including eyeglasses, contact lenses, and refractive surgery.


Eyeglasses are the most common treatment for astigmatism. Your eye doctor will prescribe lenses with a specific cylindrical power to correct the uneven curvature of your cornea or lens.

Contact lenses

Contact lenses can also correct astigmatism. Toric lenses are designed to fit the irregular shape of your eye and provide clear, crisp vision.

Refractive surgery

Refractive surgery is another option for correcting astigmatism. Several types of refractive surgery are available, including LASIK, PRK and LASEK.

Benefits of treating astigmatism

Astigmatism is a common eye condition that affects the shape of the cornea or the eye’s lens. This can cause blurry or distorted vision, leading to eye strain, headaches, and fatigue.

Treating astigmatism can have several benefits, including:

Improved vision

Treating astigmatism can help correct the blurry or distorted vision caused by the condition, allowing individuals to see more clearly and with greater detail.

Reduced eye strain

Astigmatism can cause eye strain and fatigue, especially after prolonged use of digital devices or reading. Treating astigmatism can alleviate these symptoms, making it easier to perform daily tasks.

Better quality of life

A clearer vision can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life, improving their ability to work, study, and engage in leisure activities.

Enhanced safety

Astigmatism can affect depth perception and may increase the risk of accidents, particularly when driving or operating heavy machinery. Treating astigmatism can improve spatial awareness and reduce the risk of accidents.

Early detection of other eye problems

Regular eye exams for astigmatism can also help detect other eye conditions early, such as cataracts, glaucoma, or macular degeneration, which can be treated more effectively when caught early on.

PKP Eye Surgery

PKP eye surgery, also known as penetrating keratoplasty, is a surgical procedure that involves the transplantation of a healthy cornea from a donor to replace a damaged or

diseased cornea. It is often used to treat advanced cases of astigmatism, keratoconus, and corneal scarring.

The procedure involves microsurgery techniques to suture the donor cornea into place, allowing for improved vision and function of the affected eye.

How is PKP eye surgery performed?

During PKP surgery, your doctor will remove the damaged or diseased cornea and replace it with a clear, healthy cornea from a donor. The new cornea is secured in place with sutures. The surgery is typically performed under local anaesthetic and takes one to two hours.

Recovery from PKP Eye Surgery

After PKP surgery, you must wear an eye patch for several days to protect your eye. You may also experience some discomfort, redness, and sensitivity to light. It can take several weeks, or It can take several weeks, or even months for your vision to stabilize after PKP surgery fully. During this time, your doctor will monitor your progress and adjust your medications or treatment plan.

Risks and complications of PKP eye surgery

As with any surgery, there are risks and complications associated with PKP eye surgery. These can include:


Rejection of the donor cornea

High pressure in the eye

Vision loss



It’s important to discuss the risks and benefits of PKP surgery with your doctor and to follow all pre-and post-operative instructions carefully.

Final thoughts

Astigmatism is a common eye condition that can cause blurry or distorted vision, but several treatment options are available, including eyeglasses, contact lenses, and refractive surgery. Treating astigmatism can lead to improved vision, reduced eye strain, and better quality of life, as well as enhance safety and early detection of other eye problems.

PKP eye surgery may be recommended for advanced cases of astigmatism, which involves transplanting a healthy cornea from a donor.

While there are risks and complications associated with PKP surgery, it can also provide significant benefits for those with severe astigmatism, keratoconus, or corneal scarring. It’s important to consult your doctor and carefully follow all pre-and post-operative instructions to achieve the best possible outcomes.